Waste is a global problem that has serious implications for the economy, the environment, and the living in general. The traditional economy, which is based on the principle: take, make, use, throw away and pollute, is a model that many countries are abandoning and replacing it with a new regenerative approach called circular economy, a closed circular process that at each of its stages takes care of the waste that should be reduce, to be recycled and reused.
From January 1st, 2023, the Law for Management of Additional Waste Streams comes into force. With this law the requirements for the protection of the environment and human health are regulated by preventing or reducing the negative impacts from the creation and handling of waste textiles, tires, oils and vehicles, which must be met during the production of textiles, tires, oils and vehicles and collection, reuse, treatment, processing and disposal of the waste that is generated from them during their lifetime, as well as other issues related to the handling of waste textiles, tires, oils and vehicles by economic operators and other entities who participate in the procedures of their production and their handling.
The basic objectives of this law are:
1) reducing the negative impact of textiles, tires, oils and vehicles and waste from textiles, tires, oils and vehicles, on the environment and on people’s health.
2) improvement of the standards for protecting the environment by economic operators during the entire life cycle of the products, especially during collection, treatment, reuse, processing, and disposal of waste from textiles, tires, oils and vehicles.
The law brings major changes in the practical handling of the waste and imposes serious obligations on producers, consumers and local authorities, it predicts prevention of the creation of textile waste, its burning and the acquisition of waste textiles and rubber from a merchant.
The law provides obligations for the mayor, as well as “The end user”, who creates textile waste is obliged to collect and store the created textile waste separately from mixed municipal waste or other types of waste and hand it over to a merchant, collector of waste products or in collection center or other locations”. The national goal set in the law, for collecting for 2025 is optimistic: textile waste – 15%.
By widely informing the public about the challenges and obligations that we all face from the threshold of 2023, the operators will promptly prepare for the obligations that will result and the citizens will adjust their waste handling habits.
The project “4R (reduce, recycle, reuse, re-purpose)” is supported by Foundation Open Society Macedonia.
Last modified: 09.11.2022